Deferred action is a discretionary grant of relief by Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”). It can be granted to individuals who are in removal proceedings, who have final orders of removal, or who have never been in removal proceedings. Individuals who have deferred action status can apply for employment authorization and are in the U.S. under color of law. However, there is no direct path from deferred action to lawful permanent residence or to citizenship and it can be revoked at any time.
Robert F. Cochran, John M.A. DiPippa and Martha M. Peters wrote a brilliant article which summarized the various roles lawyers can play with their clients and, surprisingly, it seems that most clients even have a preference for each particular “style” of representation in different circumstances. They are: 1) Lawyer as Godfather; 2) Lawyer as Guru; 3) Lawyer as “Hired Gun”; and 4) Lawyer as Friend.